R.E.C.H. – HUMAN CHAIN REACTION
TO MOVE AWAY FROM NUCLEAR POWER
SIGN THE PETITION
1/ To gain 100% renewable energies by 2035
2/ To close down Fessenheim nuclear plant by 2016
3/ To close down Tricastin and Blaye nuclear plants by 2017
This petition is addressed to
French President François HOLLANDE
Minister of Environment, Energy and Climate change, Ségolène ROYALE
European parliament President Martin SCHULZE
German Chancellor Angela MERKEL
SIGN and SHARE the petition before December 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference – COP21
It will remain open after the event
To sign the petition, it is here:
Among the 58 nuclear reactors existing in France, more than 75% will be over 30 years old by 2016 and 90% by 2020. However a reactor cannot operate more than 30 years.
This constitutes an unacceptable risk for the environment and the people as the Nuclear Security Administration (ASN) points out arguing that nuclear accidents can be reduced but never fully avoided (see appendix 1).
Nuclear power should not be considered as a solution to the greenhouse effect. It releases 35 to 66 g CO2 eq/kWat1 which is much more than renewable energies which let out an average of 20 g CO2 eq/kWat2.
The colossal accumulation of highly toxic and lethal nuclear waste is an appalling burden for future generations (see appendix 2).
The current electricity prices are maintained artificially low. This situation cannot be viable in the long run and the prices have already started to increase. We must find a solution to this situation and consider it as an emergency.
WHAT WE ASK FOR
Shut down FESSENHEIM nuclear plant by 2016 as promised by François Hollande during the 2012 election campaign and carry on with both TRICASTIN and BLAYE (see our plan in the appendix)
Develop renewable energies to create 300 ,000 permanent jobs that are safe for the workers.
Take immediate political action to stop nuclear power and in the long run close down all the nuclear plants according to our proposed plan (see appendix 4).
Stop the construction of new nuclear power plants such as the ones in Flamanville, Penly and Cadarache.
Transfer the current funding in favor of nuclear energy to the development of renewable energy.
The main accidents known so far
– Fukushima: 2011, rated Level 7 by the INES scale
– Cruas in Ardèche: 2009, wood waste in the Rhône River clogged the cooling system of one of the reactors. The “last resort” solution was put in place.
– Le Blayais in Gironde: 1999, a hurricane caused the flooding of the 4 reactors. Three of them were stopped in emergency while several cooling systems broke down. EDF called for a national emergency situation.
– Gravelines: 1989, Level 3,
– Tchernobyl: 1986, Level 7,
– La Hague: 1981, Level 3,
– Three Miles Island: 1979, Level 5,
– St Laurent-des Eaux: 1969, Level 4, after a nuclear meltdown, intervention of clean-up workers.
A total of 9 accidents over 42 years. What about in the future?
The International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) is meant to make the media and the public better understand the significance of a nuclear accident. It is inappropriate to use INES to compare levels of radioactivity since the authorised limits vary from one country to another according to the number of persons exposed to the radiation after a serious event.
The levels of INES scale
7- Major accident with considerable impact on health and environment.
6- Significant radioactive release requiring immediate action such as evacuation orders, protection of the population, ingestion of iodine.
5- Limited radioactive release due to the damage of the reactor core and of radiological barriers.
4- Minor release within the limits imposed by the country. Significant damage of the core and of the radiological barriers and potential lethal exposure of workers.
3- Minimal release with exposure of the public within the limits put in place by the Atomic Energy Agency (AIEA). Contamination remains serious with severe impact on the health of at least one worker. Accident has been avoided, with hardly any loss in the safety system.
2- Important contamination with an overexposure of at least one worker. Incident with failure in the safety system.
1- Fault that exceeds the authorised levels of release.
0- Minor fault with no impact on the safety system.
A few figures
Over 40 years, France has produced 1 ,150 t/year of highly radioactive waste3 which means that 46 ,000 tons have to be taken care of over a period of at least 710 million years.
The life of Uranium-235 is 710 million years. This is the period of time necessary for Uranium-235 to lose only haft its radioactivity.
Wind and sun are inexhaustible sources of energy.
Uranium supply will be over in around 65 years, there no more Uranium in France, at the moment it is imported.
Plans to close down nuclear plants in France
ANNEES DEFERMETURENOM CENTRREACTEURS
2015 European Pressurized Reactor (EPR) of Flamanville 1 construction stopped.
2016 Fessenheim 2, the oldest nuclear plan with only one containment building.
2016 Tricastin, with its 417 cracks on the reactor tank.
2017 Le Blayais 4, in the estuary of the Gironde. Risk of sea level rise because of the greenhouse effect.
2017 Le Bugey 4
2018 Cruas 4
2020 Chinon 4
2021 Dampierre 4
2022 St-Laurent-des-eaux 2
2023 Gravelines 4
2024 Gravelines 2
2025 St Alban du Rhône 2
2026 Flamanville 2
2027 Paluel 4
2028 Cattenom 42028 Cattenom 4
2029 Belleville/Loire 2
2030 Golfech 2
2031 Nogent/Seine 2
2032 Penly 2
2033 Civaux 2
2034 Chooz 2
A total of 59 nuclear plants will close down, included EPRs by 2035
In July 2014, the Council of State (following a plea by electricity providers) has forced the government to take an order allowing a retroactive rise in the 2012 electricity prices. This shows the government’s inability to maintain the electricity rise of 2%. It is a legal procedure so this could happen again in the future.
The cost of the radioactive waste management and the dismantlement is not included in the current electricity price.
Association R.E.C.H. – Réaction en Chaîne Humaine
Quartier Rouretord – 07800 Gilhac et Bruzac.
Tél. : 0033 777 20 27 71 – Mail : contact-Rech@chainehumaine.fr
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